PALLAS1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
surname of Athena. In Homer this name always appears united with the name Athena, but in later writers we also find Pallas alone instead of Athena. (Pind. Ol. v. 21.) Plato derives the surname from "to brandish", in reference to the goddess brandishing the spear or aegis, whereas Apollodorus (i. 6. § 2) derives it from the giant Pallas, who was slain by Athena. But it is more probable that Pallas is the same word as virgin or maiden. (Comp. Tzetz. ad Lye. 355.) Another female Pallas, described as a daughter of Triton, is mentioned under palladium.
1. A son of Crius and Eurybia, was one of the Titans, and brother of Astraeus and Perses. He was married to Styx, by whom he became the father of Zelus, Cratos, Bia, and Nice. (Hes. Tkeog. 376, 383 ; Paus. vii. 26. § 5, viii. 18, § 1 ; Apollod. i. 2. §§ 2, 4.)
4. A son of Lycaon, and grandfather of Evander, is said to have founded the town of Pallantium in Arcadia, where statues were erected both to Pallas and Evander. (Paus. viii. 3. § 1, 44. § 5.) Servius (ad Aen. viii. 54) calls him a son of Aegeus, and states that being expelled by his brother Theseus, he emigrated into Arcadia ; and Dionysius of Halicarnassus confounds him with Pallas, the son of Crius.
8. A son of the Athenian king Pandion, and accordingly a brother of Aegeus, Nisus, and Lycus, was slain by Theseus. The celebrated family of the Pallantidae at Athens traced their origin up to this Pallas. (Apollod. iii. 15. § 5 ; Paus. i. 22. § 2, 28. § 10 ; Plut. Thes. 3 ; Eurip. Hippol. 35.)